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La Montagne : l’histoire des mineurs de Deneuille jusqu’en 1914 - brizon.org
brizon.org

Association Laïque des Amis de Pierre Brizon et des Monuments Pacifistes et Républicains de l’Allier

© jll – février 2008


La Montagne : l’histoire des mineurs de Deneuille jusqu’en 1914

mardi 19 février 2008, par jll

Toutes les versions de cet article :

  • français
Compte-rendu dans La Montagne de la conférence-débat de Jean-Paul Moret, organisée par l’Association Laïque des Amis de Pierre Brizon et des Monuments Pacifistes et Républicains de l’Allier

Dans son édition -Montluçon- du lundi 20 mars 2006, le quotidien La Montagne a rendu compte de la conférence-débat de Jean-Paul Moret le jeudi 16 mars 2006 à Deneuille-les-Mines (Allier) sur le thème : l’histoire des mineurs de Deneuille jusqu’en 1914 : partis, syndicats, grèves, conditions de vie, rapports avec la municipalité, les hommes.

« Jean-Paul Moret a voulu rendre rendre hommage aux mineurs et à quatre de ses parents, délégués mineurs, en racontant leur histoire lors de conférences prononcées dans les communes minières de l’Allier.

Les luttes du mouvement ouvrier

Invité par l’Association Laïque des Amis de Pierre Brizon et des Monuments Pacifistes et Républicains de l’Allier (*), il a commencé sa tournée par Deneuille-les-Mines, qui a produit du charbon anthracite jusqu’en 1952, après de nombreuses fermetures et réouvertures de la mine.

En présence d’une trentaine de personnes, réunies à la salle des fêtes pour cette conférence-débat sur l’histoire des mineurs de Deneuille jusqu’à la guerre de 1914, le conférencier a d’abord rappelé le milieu social et politique dans lequel vivaient les mineurs du temps de Napoléon III. Mais aussi et surtout de Clémenceau.

Des hommes confrontés à des conditions de travail difficiles

Il a ainsi évoqué les luttes du mouvement ouvrier qui a pris son essor à cette époque, malgré la répression, les menaces et le manque de moyens. Et ce, à travers les partis, les syndicats, les grèves, en particulier celle de 1905. Sans oublier les rapports avec la municipalité locale, plutôt de droite à l’époque, avec un partage des voix gauche-droite 50/50.

Il a aussi raconté le quotidien des hommes, confrontés à des conditions de travail très difficiles et à de fréquentes inondations des galeries par une rivière souterraine. Comme celle de 1910, qui a obligé à la fermeture d’un puits dont il reste encore quelques vestiges aujourd’hui. Un débat s’est ensuite instauré une heure durant avec les participants venus de la localité et des environs. Puis l’association a fait signer une pétition pour la liberté syndicale en Roumanie et pour exiger la libération du leader des mineurs Miron Cozma, à nouveau emprisonné, et de quatre des organisateurs de la Marche des Mineurs pour leurs revendications à Bucarest en 1999. »

(*)Le président olivier Mathieu a présenté son association qui a pris le nom de Pierre Brizon, le premier député à prendre position contre la guerre en 1916.


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